Gateway of India is regarded to be the starting point for the tourists who want to travel around the Mumbai city. It is located at the tip of Apollo Bunder, the gateway overlooks the Mumbai harbor, bordered by the Arabian Sea in the Colaba district. This monument built to commemorate the visit of the first ever British Monarch, King George V and Queen Mary in 1911. It is a great historical monument built during the British rule in our country. The monument was designed by the British architect, George Wittet.
History of the monument
In 1911, in the month of December that this monument was built to commemorate Queen Mary and V king George visit in Delhi Durbar. It was at the point of time only that stone of foundation was kept and the date was 31st of March and the year was 1911 was done by the Sir Sydenham George Clarke and he was the Bombay Governor. The plan was approved only in 1914, the reclamations at Apollo Bunder were completed only in 1919. The opening of Gateway done on the 4th of December in year 1924 and this was done by the Reading Earl, Viceroy.
Design and structure
The archway is 26 meters high and joined with four turrets and intricate latticework carved on stones. The arch alone was built at the cost of 21 lakhs in Indo-Sarcenic style, though some influence of Gujarati style is also evident in its architecture. The structure is quite majestic and a hybrid of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. The complicated lattice work engraved into the yellow Kharodi basalt stone. The central dome of the Gateway of India is built in 48 feet in diameter. There are steps constructed behind the arch of the Gateway leads to the Arabian Sea. The monument structured in such a way that one can witness the large expanse of the 'blue blanket' right ahead, welcoming and sending off ships and visitors.
Opposite the gateway stands the statue of Shivaji, the king who used guerilla warfare to establish the Maratha empire in the Sahyadri mountain range as a symbol of Maratha "pride and courage". The statue unveiled on 26 January 1961 on the occasion of India's Republic Day. The other statue in this area is that of Swami Vivekananda, by renowned sculptor Sitaram S. Arte. The Elephant Caves located very close to the Gateway of India, and tourists can travel on motor boats to reach the Elephant Islands. The Taj Mahal Hotel is India's most luxurious hotel and is situated close to the Gateway of India. The Gateway faces the vast Arabian Sea,Mumbai's another attraction, Marine Drive, a road running parallel to the sea. The majestic monument is a must-visit at night, in the pristine glory against the backdrop of the sea.