Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Oct, 19 2016

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a historic railway station located in the heart of Mumbai. It is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. The station is the grand reminder of the British Raj pre-independence and is still one of the most historical landmarks within the Central Business District (CBD) of Mumbai. The building is designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’ and the major international mercantile port of India. The structure represents the heart of the mercantile facet of the city and it also symbolizes the British Commonwealth.  Any Mumbai tour is incomplete until you visited Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

History

                             In the past, ‘Bori Bandar’ station was the main station for all commercial and trade activities in Mumbai.  In the 1850s,the Great Indian Peninsular Railway operated in this area, which gave the name ‘Bori Bandar,’ starting its first rail service covering a total distance of 34 kilometers to Thane. It was during the British Rule that it was re-designed by F. W. Stevens, who named it Victoria Terminus (VT). The construction is rebuilt as the Victoria Terminus, named after the then reigning Queen. The station built to handle main rail traffic and in 1929, a new station and an administrative headquarters were built by the Central Railway. In 1996, the Minister of Railways, Suresh Kalmadi, changed the name of this station to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST).


Structure
                         The main architecture of the building reflects the Victorian Gothic styles and it designs of the late 19th century. The style and the ornamentation of the edifice acceptable to both Indian and European culture. Complete with turrets, pointed arches and an eccentric ground plan, this building was a novel achievement during that period. The entrance of the Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus is flanked by the figures of a lion and a tiger. These ferocious beasts represent the countries; Great Britain and India. The main structure is made of sandstone and limestone, and the interiors of the station lined with high-quality Italian marble. The ceiling of the booking hall originally painted blue, gold and strong red on a ground of rich blue with gold stars. Its walls lined with glazed tiles made by Maw & Co of Britain. There are statues representing outside Commerce, Agriculture, Engineering and Science, with a statue representing Progress on the central dome of the station. A statue of Queen Victoria beneath the central dome has been removed later. 
Nearby Tourist Attractions
Gateway of India
Flora Fountain
Mumbai University
Juhu Beach
Marine Drive
Sanjay Gandhi National Pak
Elephanta Caves

How To Reach
By Rail
                        It is easy to reach the CST by rail, as it is very likely that the train might just disembark at this station! However, if you are coming from other central or suburban railway stations, you can reach CST through local transport.
By Road
                        Mumbai is well-connected by road that leads to all the major cities in India. This rich city is served by major national highwaya and the iconic structure can be reached easily by road.
By Air
                       Mumbai is service by the Chattrapati Shivaji Airport which houses both domestic and international airfield. The train terminus is 21 kilometers from the airport,any local transport can take you to the iconic structure.